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Have Have and More Have – 「Have」の意味

更新日:2023年12月12日

“have”という単語は、英語では非常によく使われます。厄介なことに、“have”という単語は多くの意味があります。英語を勉強しているみなさんにとっては、これを使いこなすにはやはり練習が必要となってきます。


ここでは“have”を使用した一般的な例文を5つ勉強します。その後、練習してみましょう。


#1 I have a cat.


これは“have”の最も一般的な文です。「持っている」を意味する動詞です。


#2 I have studied English for one hour today.

I have been driving my car to work since January.


ここでの“have”は助動詞で、これは現在完了形です。助動詞のhaveと動詞のhaveの違いをきちんと理解することが重要です。


#3 I have to do lots of homework tonight.


“have to”は「必要な」または「しなければならない」という意味です。この時、“to”という単語は常に“have”の後にくることを覚えましょう。この2つの単語は常に一緒に使われます。


#4 I should have studied for the test.


“should have”とは、私が本来やるべき何かをしなかったという意味で、やっていたらもっと良かったのにというニュアンスになります。上の例の場合では、テスト勉強をしていたらよかったのに、勉強しませんでした、という意味になります。


#5 I will have the painter paint my house.

I will have my car repaired.


この2つの例文ですが、現時点では私はまだ家の塗装をしていないし、また2番目の文では、私は車の修理をまだしていません。これから誰かに私の家の塗装をお願いし、また、車の修理を頼む、ということです。


Practice


上の5つの例のような英文を上手く使いこなせるようになるには、なにより練習が一番の近道です。次の手順に従って練習しましょう。


  • 次の12の英文の下線部を問うのにふさわしい疑問文を作ってください。終わるまでは、回答のセクションを見ないでください。

  • 答えを見て自分の英文を確認し、間違いがあれば訂正してください。

  • 下線のある英文だけを見て、それを問う疑問文を声に出して言う練習をしましょう。答えの疑問文は見ないでください。

  • 上記の 3 つの手順を時間を置いて繰り返しましょう。


A) A) 下線部を問う疑問文を書きましょう。


ex: I have been studying English every day this month.

How often have you been studying English this month?


1) My mother has to make dinner at 5 o’clock every evening.


2) In my youth, our family had 3 cats.


3) All day today, I have listened to jazz music.


4) Lately, my father has been helping around the house every day.


5) I should have studied for today’s test last night.


6) Last week, I had my car repaired at the Excel Garage.


7) Next month, I will have to work 3 times every week.


8) This year, I have visited my grandmother about 2 times a month.


9) In the future, I would like to have a hybrid car.


10) Since January, I have been exercising about 4 times a week.


11) I should have gotten up at 6 o’clock this morning.


12) This evening, we will have a pepperoni pizza delivered to our house.



B) 回答セクション


1) My mother has to make dinner at 5 o’clock every evening.

At what time does your mother have to make dinner every evening?

2) In my youth, our family had 3 cats.

How many cats did your family have in your youth?

3) All day today, I have listened to jazz music.

What kind of music have you listend to all day today?

4) Lately, my father has been helping around the house every day.

How often has your father been helping around the house lately?

5) I should have studied for today’s test last night.

What should you have done last night?

6) Last week, I had my car repaired at the Excel Garage.

At which garage did you have your car repaired last week?

7) Next month, I will have to work 3 times every week.

How many times every week will you have to work next month?

8) This year, I have visited my grandmother about 2 times a month.

How often have you visited your grandmother this year?

9) In the future, I would like to have a hybrid car.

What kind of car would you like to have in the future?

10) Since January, I have been exercising about 4 times a week.

Since when have you been exercising about 4 times a week?

11) I should have gotten up at 6 o’clock this morning.

At what time should you have gotten up this morning?

12) This evening, we will have a pepperoni pizza delivered to our house.

What kind of pizza will you have delivered to your house this evening?


Good Job! Keep studying and keep practicing.

See you soon,

Cameron





高校 英語 教科書


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